Tim Gallwey and Dr Leonard O'Sullivan
EU Project ergonomics tools
assessment and evaluation in industry
and Safety professional: Basic ergonomics training
Upper limb Assessment
Entire Body Assessment
for performing an injury reduction approach
Perform an analysis on the existing work using the appropriate
evaluation technique. The evaluation toolset for industrial work
range in complexity from the most simple to most detailed i.e.
REBA, SI, OCRA. The choice depends on your knowledge of
ergonomics principles. It is suggested that those with limited
ergonomics knowledge use RULA and REBA initially. These are good
screening tools and are good to highlight high risk tasks. Expert
ergonomists may find SI or OCRA useful for a more in-depth
analysis. MIRTH office can be used for office environments.
The Cameron Questionnaire can be used for employees/users to rate
body part discomfort during their work. It is recommended that
this is used in conjunction with an evaluation method. Discomfort
is regarded as a precursor to injury in industry, therefore
indicative of risk of injury for the work.
Modify the task design using the MIRTH reduction points in the
Re-evaluate the task to review the risk ratings.
It is good practice to adopt an iterative approach in
ergonomic task design by performing an evaluation and risk
reduction on the task a number of times to optimize the
quality of the solution.
A consortium was set
up through the EU "Growth" programme to develop
Musculo-skeletal Injury Reduction Tools for Health and
safety (MIRTH). The partners are: University of Darmstadt (co-ordinator),
DaimlerChrysler Bremen plant, University of Limerick,
TECMATH (RAMSIS man-model), Institute of Biomechanics
Valencia (IBV), Systema Informatics (internet software), and
the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health (FIOH). University
of Darmstadt is concentrating on research into the
applicability of existing tools in automobile assembly work
and developing improvements to use in MIRTH. FIOH will
concentrate on injuries in E-commerce and IBV will provide
tools to model the biomechanics of the injuries. The final
tool will be programmed for use in conjunction with RAMSIS. The
total value of the project is €1.6M approximately.
final result of the project will be a software tool usable by a
wide cross-section of people employed in the design of products
and workplaces. It
will be offered on the Internet with a Computer Based Training
program (developed by Systema) and a CD-ROM with a suite of case
study applications to assist users.
The whole project is scheduled to last three years and the
products will be available about a year after that.
Due to their ease of use and speed, these tools will enable
more situations to be analysed, in more detail, more thoroughly,
and in less time. Significant
gains are expected in worker health, productivity, and quality of
work and analyses across a wide range of Ergonomics interventions
show a likely benefit:cost ratio of about 10:1.
of ergonomics tools suitable for expert and non-expert
ergonomists to evaluate work in electronics manufacturing,
automobile manufacture and offices.
platform to implement the evaluation tools
reduction tools to help reduce high risk levels for
problematic tasks across each industry.
Based Training (CBT) tool to educate the users in the correct
use of the evaluation tools.
Tim Gallwey, Dr. Leonard O'Sullivan,
Mr Abid Khan, Mr. Prabir
Mukhopadhyay, Mr. Eoin Kennedy.